南朝岳州窯 蓮花盃 / the Lotus Cup Southern Dynasty

12 cm

點評:北魏時期南朝精品,佛國之美的精神體現,婉約的線條和清晰的蓮花,向內而生,悄然綻放。南朝作品在北魏集中出現,代表了當時南北交流和審美的貫通。

Commentary: The fine works of the Southern Dynasties from the Northern Wei period are a spiritual embodiment of the beauty of the Buddha’s kingdom, with graceful lines and clear lotus blossoming quietly inwardly. The concentration of works from the Southern Dynasties in the Northern Wei Dynasty tombs represents the exchange and aesthetic continuity between the North and the South at that time.

根據劉未的《北朝墓葬編年》研究,北魏時期的碗之口徑大者 13 ~ 14 釐米,小者 11 ~ 12 釐米,盞之口徑 7 ~ 8 釐米。根據形制及工藝特徵可區分為甲、乙兩類。

甲類,在北方出現時間稍早,至少可至 5 世紀末期,基本特徵為敞口、斜 弧腹、假圈足、足徑大、足壁直、足底平,施釉至下腹或足部,有的內底可見三個支 燒泥釘、外底也多有泥釘痕跡。

According to Liu Wei’s Chronicle of Northern Dynasty Burials, bowls from the Northern Wei dynasty have mouths ranging from 13 to 14 cm in size to 11 to 12 cm in size, and calendars from the Northern Wei dynasty have mouths ranging from 7 to 8 cm in size. According to the characteristics of form and craftsmanship, they can be divided into two categories, A and B. Category A, which appeared a little later in the northern part of the country, was the most popular.

Type A, which appeared a little earlier in the north, at least until the end of the fifth century, is characterised by an open mouth, a sloping curved belly, a false footrim, a large foot diameter, a straight foot wall, a flat footrim, and a glaze that reaches to the lower part of the belly or the foot; in some cases, there are three pressed clay nails on the inner foot, and there are many traces of clay nails on the outer foot as well.

 

乙類,在北方出現時間稍晚,約 6 世紀早期,基本特徵為圓弧腹、假圈 足、足徑小、足壁斜、足底凹,施釉至腹部,有的足底挖出一周凹槽,又可分為敞 口、侈口二型。敞口者見於辛祥墓、元遵墓、染華墓、李弼墓、趙府君墓、吳橋 M1、楊機墓,類似者見洛陽大市出土品、鄂城六朝墓 2、長沙爛泥衝墓、豐都匯南 M83 等。侈口者見於賈思伯墓、西向墓、楊機墓,類似者見豐都匯南 M8、忠縣大墳壩 M34 等。其中李弼墓、趙府君墓、西向墓所出者內壁刻划蓮瓣紋、中有蓮蓬。根據窯址調查發掘成果,乙類碗盞可推定為湖南湘陰岳州窯產品 。

Type B, which appeared a little later in the north, around the early sixth century, is characterised by a rounded belly, a false footrim, a small foot diameter, a sloping foot wall, a concave footrim, and a glaze that reaches to the abdomen, with some having a groove dug into the footrim, and can be divided into the open-mouthed and the wide-mouthed types. Those with open mouths can be found in the tomb of Xinxiang, the tomb of Yuanzun, the tomb of Dyehua, the tomb of Li Bi, the tomb of Zhao Fujun, the tomb of Wuqiao M1, and the tomb of Yang Ji, and similar ones can be found in the excavations of Daxi in Luoyang, the tomb of the Six Dynasties in Echeng, the tomb of Banyichong in Changsha, and the tomb of M83 in Huinan in Fengdu, and so on. Those with a wide mouth can be found in Jia Sibo’s tomb, Xixiang’s tomb, and Yang Ji’s tomb; similar examples can be found in Fengdu Huinan M8 and Zhongxian Dapu Dam M34, etc. Among them, Li Bi’s tomb and Zhao Fuzhu’s tomb are the most famous. Among them, those from Li Bi’s Tomb, Zhao Fujun’s Tomb, and Xixiang’s Tomb are carved with lotus petals on the inner wall, with a lotus flower in the middle. According to the results of kiln site investigation and excavation, Type B bowls and lamps can be assumed to be products of Hunan Xiangyin Yuezhou kiln.

本品屬於乙類,為典型北魏時期南朝製作的精品。

This piece belongs to category B and is a fine example of typical Northern Wei period item produced in the Southern Dynasties regions of Hunan.

$1.00